Tang | The Moroccan geographer al-Idrisi wrote in 1154 of the prowess of Chinese merchant ships in the Indian Ocean and of their annual voyages that brought iron, swords, silk, velvet, porcelain, and various textiles to places such as Aden (Yemen), the Indus River, and the Euphrates in modern-day Iraq.  By the late 11th century, the founding elite became obsolete, while political partisanship and factionalism at court undermined the marriage strategies of the professional elite, which dissolved as a distinguishable social group and was replaced by a multitude of gentry families.
Die Steuerflucht der Großgrundbesitzer nahm zu, was Zahlungsschwierigkeiten des Schatzamtes zur Folge hatte.  Furthermore, the world's oldest known terrain map in printed form comes from the edited encyclopedia of Yang Jia in 1155, which displayed western China without the formal grid system that was characteristic of more professionally made Chinese maps. East Asian History Sourcebook: Chinese Accounts of Rome, Byzantium and the Middle East, c. 91 B.C.E. Jahrhunderts gegeben war.  Der Vertrag beinhaltete auch Tributzahlungen von Song an Liao und Anerkenntnis der Gleichwertigkeit der Liao. The Song dynasty was founded by Zhao Kuangyin (Emperor Taizu) (r. 960–976) in 960, before the Song completely reunified China proper by conquest—excluding only the Sixteen Prefectures.
At time t = 0 s, a wheel has an angular... What does the inscription (stele inscription by... Lorenzo de'Medici of Florence: Biography & Accomplishments, AP Comparative Government and Politics: Exam Prep, AP European History: Homework Help Resource, AP US History Syllabus Resource & Lesson Plans, Post-Civil War U.S. History: Help and Review, Important People in World History Study Guide, High School World History: Help and Review, Biological and Biomedical (from Wikipedia). Im Jahr 960 eroberte der Kaiser Taizu die Gegend und die Ära der Song Dynastie begann. It had able military officers such as Yue Fei and Han Shizhong. Nach und nach wurden so die freien Kleinbauern ruiniert. In den Häfen gab es Maklerbüros und Hafenarbeitergilden.
149–150; Wang (1949), pp. The Southern Song (Chinese: 南宋; 1127–1279) refers to the period after the Song lost control of its northern half to the Jurchen-led Jin dynasty in the Jin–Song Wars. Um 1263 wurde die innenpolitische Lage in den Ackerbauzentren südlich des Jangtsekiang derart prekär, dass das Einziehen der Steuern schwierig wurde: Reformen wurden unumgänglich.  People enjoyed various social clubs and entertainment in the cities, and there were many schools and temples to provide the people with education and religious services. The Song Dynasty ruled China between the 10th and 13th centuries.  In his printed book, Su published a celestial atlas of five star charts. A rare carved and moulded yue ‘mandarin ducks’ box’ and cover.  He established a temporary capital at Lin'an (present-day Hangzhou) in 1129, yet by 1132 he declared it the official capital of the Song Empire. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Get access to this video and our entire Q&A library. Qing | , Although the Song dynasty was able to hold back the Jin, a new foe came to power over the steppe, deserts, and plains north of the Jin dynasty.  The poet and statesman Su Shi and his associate Mi Fu (1051–1107) enjoyed antiquarian affairs, often borrowing or buying art pieces to study and copy. Januar 971 durch einen massiven Angriff von Armbrustschützen mit brennenden Pfeilen besiegt, woraufhin sich die Südlichen Han unterwarfen.  One of the greatest literary critics of this was the official and famous poet Su Shi.
Liao interpretierte die Arbeiten jedoch als Maßnahme, um auf dem Wasserweg schnell Angriffstruppen in Richtung Liao senden zu können. Buddhism had a profound influence upon the budding movement of Neo-Confucianism, led by Cheng Yi (1033–1107) and Zhu Xi (1130–1200).  Even before Emperor Huizong's reign, Sima Guang (1019–1086), a prominent chancellor and political rival to Wang Anshi, had little to say about the emperor's role in shaping major reforms and public policy, mentioning only that the emperor made major appointments when necessary. This lot will be offered in The Classic Age of Chinese Ceramics: The Linyushanren Collection, Part II, 15 September at Christie’s New York. Yue Fei wurde analog dazu durch den Hof verhaftet und hingerichtet (1142).
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